The books pictured to the left are most of the primary references for this web site. I am an amateur photographer-biologist, not a professional, so I rely on the best field guides, biology books, and general science books that I can find. Click on a thumbnail image to see the cover, author, publication information and sometimes a brief review.

A complete listing of all references used on this site follows:

Alaska Atlas and Gazeteer.4th Edition © 2001 DeLorme. Yarmouth, Maine

Armstrong, Robert H. 1983. Guide to the Birds of Alaska. Alaska Northwest Publishing Company, Anchorage

Baring, Anne and Jules Cashford. 1991. The Myth of the Goddess. Penguin/Arkana, London

Bellrose, Frank C. 1980. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America. 3rd Edition Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa

Birkeland, Peter W.and Edwin E. Larson. 1989. Putnam's Geology. Oxford University Press, New York.

Boardman, Richard S., Allan H. Cheetham, William A. Oliver, Jr. 1973. Animal Colonies; their development and function through time. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, Pa.

Bonner, John Tyler. 2000. First Signals: the evolution of multicellular development. Princeton University Press, Princeton. Paperback, 146 pages

Brodo, Irwin M., Sylvia Duran Sharnoff, Stephen Sharnoff. 2001. Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven.

Cambell, Neil A., Jane B. Reece, Lawrence G. Mitchell. 1999. Biology, Fifth Ed. Benjamin Cummings, an imprint of Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. , Menlo Park, CA.

Chapman, R.F. 1998. The Insects: Structure and Function, 4th Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Foelix, Rainer F. 1996. Biology of Spiders, Second edition.Oxford University Press, New York.

Gates, Nancy ed. 2003. The Alaska Almanac: Facts About Alaska 27th edition. Alaska Northwest Books, Portland, Oregon.

Gledhill, David. 2002. The Names of Plants, 3rd Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Haviland,William A. 2000. Anthropology, 9th Ed. Harcourt College Publishers, Fort Worth ,Texas

Hulten, Eric. 1968. Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories: A manual of the Vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California

Johnson, Derek, Linda Kershaw, Andy MacKinnon, Jim Pojar. 1995. Plants of the Western Boreal Forest and Aspen Parkland. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton and Vancouver, Canada and Renton, Washington.

Kari, James and Priscilla Russel Kari. 1982. Dena'ina Elena Tanaina Country. Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska.

Kendrick, Bryce. 2000. The Fifth Kingdom, 3rd edition. Focus Publishing, Newburyport, Massachusetts.

Koestler, Arthur. 1968. The Ghost in the Machine. Macmillan

Kramer, Samuel Noah. 1963. The Sumerians: Their History Character and Culture. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Langdon, Steve J. 1993. The Native People of Alaska, 3rd Ed. Greatland Graphics. Anchorage, Alaska.

Margulis, Lynn and Karlene V. Schwartz. 1997. Five Kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth, 3rd Edition. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.

Margulis, Lynn. 1998. Symbiotic Planet : A New Look at Evolution. Basic Books, New York

Naske, Claus-M. and Herman E. Slotnick. 1987. Alaska, A History of the 49th State, 2nd ed.University of Oaklahoma Press, Norman.

Niklas, Karl J. 1997. The Evolutionary Biology of Plants.The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 60637.

Nordenskiold, Eric. 1935. The History of Biology. Tudor Publishing Co. New York.

Oppenheim, A. Leo. 1977. Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead Civilization. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Patai, Rafael. 1990. The Hebrew Goddess 3rd ed. Wayne State University Press, Detroit

Pojar, Jim and Andy MacKinnon (editors). 1994. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver and Edmonton, Canada, and Renton, Washington. Paperback.

Pratt, Verna E. 1989. Field Guide to Alaskan Wildflowers. Alaskakrafts Publishing, Anchorage, Alaska. Paperback.

Ruppert, Edward E. and Robert D. Barnes . 1994. Invertebrate Zoology, Sixth Edition. Saunders College Publishing, Harcourt Brace and Company, Orlando, Florida. Hardcover. 1100 pages.

Schofield, W. B. 1985. (Reprinted 2001) Introduction to Bryology. The Blackburn Press, Caldwell, New Jersey.

Schofield, W. B. 1992. Some Common Mosses of British Columbia, 2nd ed. The Royal British Columbia Museum. Victoria, British Columbia

Steeves, Taylor A. and Ian M. Sussex. 1989. Patterns in Plant Development, Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 388 pgs.

Teilhard de Chardin. 1959. The Phenomenon of Man. Introduction by Sir Julian Huxley. William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd., London and Harper and Row, New York.

Teilhard de Chardin. 1966. Man's Place in Nature. Translated by Rene Hague. William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd., London and Harper and Row, New York.

Thorp, James H. and Alan P. Covich, editors. 2001. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. 2nd Edition Academic Press, San Diego.

Vaudrin, Bill .1969. Tanaina Tales from Alaska with an Introduction by Joan B. Townsend. University of Oaklahoma Press, Norman

Viereck, Leslie A and Elbert L. Little, Jr. 1972. Alaska Trees and Shrubs, Agriculture Handbook No.410. Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, D. C. Reprinted in 1986 (without the Vegetation Map of Alaska) by the University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks, Alaska. Sixth printing in 2000. Paperback.

Vitt, Dale H., Janet E. Marsh, Robin B. Bovey. 1988. Mosses, Lichens, and Ferns of Northwest North America. Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver and Edmonton, Canada, and Renton, Washington.

Wolkstein, Diane and Samuel Noah Kramer. 1983. Innana: Queen of Heaven and Earth. Harper and Row, New York

Zomlefer, Wendy B. 1994. Guide to Flowering Plant Families. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill & London